Science Advocacy is Inevitable: Deal with It

Document Type


Publication Date



The Forest Service has sought to address the increasingly contentious relationship of scientific research and analysis to its policy and management activities. This paper draws on an extensive literature review and ten case studies of science-intensive policy processes to address the appropriateness of Forest Service policies for science/policy interaction. Its findings directly challenge a number of the assumptions embedded in those policies The paper both clarifies the management and policy context in which the work of scientists has become increasingly controversial, and details the ways in which scientific work is a form of advocacy. The appropriate response to the inevitability of scientific advocacy requires scientists, managers, and society to negotiate a changed set of expectations for science that would align with the reality of modern scientific practice.

Publication Title

Proceedings of the Society of American Foresters

First Page


Last Page



This record does not contain full text. If available, click on the "DOI" link to see where the full text of the item is located. If you are a UB student, or faculty or staff member and unable to access the full text at the link, try searching for the item in Everything Search (https://search.lib.buffalo.edu/discovery/search?vid=01SUNY_BUF:everything). If not available, request via Delivery+ (https://library.buffalo.edu/delivery/).

This document is currently not available here.