Document Type


Publication Date



In Copyright


Part I of this article examines the proportion of reported opinions from U.S. federal and state courts between 1945 and 2018 that cite at least one academic legal periodical, while Part II applies that data beginning in 1970 to compare the proportion of opinions that cite to the flagship journals of 17 law schools selected and hierarchically categorized based on their U.S. News & World Reports rankings. Representing the most elite schools are Harvard Law Review and Yale Law Journal, the two longest running student-edited journals at arguably the two most prestigious law schools in the United States, followed by journals from three exemplar schools from the “Top 14,” and three law schools from each of the rankings' four tiers. This article explores these trends in the context of changes in technology, the judiciary, legal scholarship, and academic legal publishing.

Publication Title

Legal Reference Services Quarterly

First Page


Last Page


Table_Reported_Opinion_Citations.docx (14 kB)
Supplemental Table: Citations to all law reviews in reported opinions

Table_HLR_YLJ_Top_14.docx (14 kB)
Supplemental Table: Citations to Harvard Law Review, Yale Law Journal, and Top 14 Law Reviews

Table_Tier_I_Tier_II.docx (14 kB)
Supplemental Table: Citations to Tier I and Tier II law reviews

Table_Tier_III_Tier_IV.docx (14 kB)
Supplemental Table: Citations to Tier III and Tier IV law reviews